Until now, hysterectomy was the preferred option for treating myoma. Now, however, there are a number of myoma treatment options
including the noninvasive, outpatient MR guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS).
MRgFUS is a newer myoma treatment that uses high doses of focused ultrasound waves (HIFU
) to destroy the myoma, without affecting any other tissue around the fibroid.
Causes of Myoma
The cause of uterine myoma has not actually been determined. Most myoma develop in women during their reproductive years. Myomas do not develop before the body begins producing estrogen. Myomas tend to grow very quickly during pregnancy when the body is producing extra estrogen. Once menopause has begun, the myoma generally stops growing and may begin to shrink due to the loss of estrogen.
Common Symptoms of Uterine Myoma
• Pelvic pain or pressure
• Very heavy and prolonged menstrual periods
• Pain in the back of the legs
• Pain during sexual intercourse
• Pressure on the bowel which can lead to constipation and/or bloating
• An enlarged abdomen which may be mistaken for weight gain or pregnancy
• Pressure on the bladder which leads to a constant need to urinate, incontinence, or the inability to empty the bladder
What is a Uterine Myoma?
A Myoma is a benign growth in the wall of the uterus. The solid tumor is made of fibrous tissue; hence it is often called a 'fibroid' tumor. Fibroids vary in size and number
, and are most often slow-growing and usually cause no symptoms. Myomas that do not produce symptoms do not need to be treated. Approximately 25% of myomas will cause symptoms and need medical treatment.
Myomas may grow as a single nodule or in clusters and may range in size from 1 mm to more than 20 cm in diameter. Myomas are the most frequently diagnosed tumor of the female pelvis and the most common reason for a woman to have a hysterectomy. Although they are often referred to as tumors, they are not cancerous.
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Common Misspellings: mayoma
Alternate Names: uterine fibroids, fibroids, fibromyoma, leiomyoma, leiomyomata